## Wednesday, 28 January 2015

### Geometer's Sketchpad - Practice the Pythagorean Theorem

When using the Geometer's Sketchpad it is often better to "start from sketch, not from scratch". That is, give students a premade sketch rather having them build something from nothing (as many textbooks would have you do).
In this activity students can download a GSP sketch that allows them to practice determining the hypotenuse (on the first page) or a leg (on the second page). The sketch will generate an infinite number of questions and give a full solution for each.
Note: Although Pythagorean Theorem is introduced in grade 8, it is only supposed to be relating more to the area model so these practice problems may not fit that.

• MPM1D, MFM1P: D, C2.2 - solve problems using the Pythagorean theorem, as required in applications
• MPM2D, MFM2P: C,A2.2 - determine the measures of the sides and angles in right triangles, using the primary trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean theorem;
• Note that this really works well on an iPad using the Sketchpad Explorer App (which is free)
• You can also use this on any web based computer (or Chromebook) with this Web sketch
Watch the video below to see how to use the sketch. The first page can be used for determining the hypotenuse and the second page can be used for determining a leg. Both will randomly generate an infinite number of problems.

Did you use this activity? Do you have a way to make it better? If so tell us in the comment section. Thanks

### Geometer's Sketchpad - Practice Midpoint of a Line Segment

When using the Geometer's Sketchpad it is often better to "start from sketch, not from scratch". That is, give students a premade sketch rather having them build something from nothing (as many textbooks would have you do).
In this activity students can download a GSP sketch that allows them to practice determining the midpoint of a line segment on the first page (this part could also be used to check answers) and then to be quizzed with randomly generated sets of points on the second page.

• MPM2D: B2.1 - develop the formula for the midpoint of a line segment, and use this formula to solve problems
• Note that this really works well on an iPad using the Sketchpad Explorer App (which is free)
• You can also use this on any web based computer (or Chromebook) with this Web sketch
Watch the video below to see how to use the sketch. The first page can be used for discovery or for checking problems and the second page can be used for quizzing students as it will generate an infinite number of random segments to find the midpoint of.

Did you use this activity? Do you have a way to make it better? If so tell us in the comment section. Thanks

## Thursday, 8 January 2015

### Geometry Board Game

This is a geometry review activity where students will find missing angles formed by lines, in triangles and in polygons. The game is loosely based on the Candyland board game where students move pieces around a board and answer questions based on the colour they land on.

• MPM1D, MFM1P - determine, through investigation using a variety of tools (e.g., dynamic geometry software, concrete materials), and describe the properties and relationships of the interior and exterior angles of triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons, and apply the results to problems involving the angles of polygons
• MFM1P - determine, through investigation using a variety of tools (e.g., dynamic geometry software, concrete materials), and describe the properties and relationships of the angles formed by parallel lines cut by a transversal, and apply the results to problems involving parallel lines

For each group (groups of two or four - playing against each other or in teams of two)

• up to four game pieces
• one die
• one game board printed in colour on card stock (laminated if possible). If you wish, one group can play on the Smartboard.
• one instruction sheet printed on card stock (laminated if possible) with answer sheet on the back (preferably printed in colour)
• one set of question cards. Each set consists of five types of questions that are colour coded. Print each on colour card stock (there is one page with 8-10 questions for each colour) and laminate (if possible) then cut them out. The colour of the cards loosely group the types of questions to supplementary, complementary, opposite angles (yellow), angles in triangles (blue), parallel lines (red), angles in polygons (green), more challenging questions that may require algebra (white).

Game Setup
1. Separate the cards by colour. Shuffle each colour and make a face down pile for each.
2. Decide on teams (or play individually) and place a marker on START for your team.
Game Play
1. Each team takes turns rolling the die and moving your markers.
2. When you land on a colour, choose the appropriate card and answer the question (determine the values of the unknown variables). You have up to 2 minutes to answer your question.
3. A player from the opposing team uses the answer key to quickly check your answer. If you do not answer your question correctly, move back to your last position.  Remember: the answer sheet must remain face down at all times except for checking solutions.
4. If you land on a Mystery spot (marked with a ?) you will have 3 minutes to answer (since these are tougher questions). If you answer correctly, you get a free die roll and move to the appropriate spot without having to answer another question. If you answer incorrectly move back to your last position as before.
Ending the game
1. To win the game, you must land exactly on the “You Win!” spot.
2. Once there, the opposing team will choose a question (but not a Mystery question) from one of the piles (without looking).
3. If you answer correctly, you win. If you answer incorrectly, move back to your last spot.

The video, below, is only visible in the WECDSB domain. That is, only teachers in our school board can see the video if they are logged into their MyTools2Go accounts.

Did you use this activity? Do you have a way to make it better? If so tell us in the comment section. Thanks

## Wednesday, 7 January 2015

### Volume of a Pyramid

In grade 9 we are supposed to develop the formula for the volume of a pyramid via investigation. That is, by doing some sort of procedure (not algebraically). If you are lucky your schools might have a set (or several sets) of these volumetric solids so you can pour liquids from one to another to compare but if not, here is a cheap way to do the same thing (at least for right prisms). For an idea of how to do it via water and the volumetric solids, check out this post from Tap Into Teen Minds.

• MPM1D, MFM1P - develop, through investigation (e.g., using concrete materials), the formulas for the volume of a pyramid, a cone, and a sphere (e.g., use three-dimensional figures to show that the volume of a pyramid [or cone] is 1/3 the volume of a prism [or cylinder] with the same base and height, and therefore that Vpyramid= Vprism/3

• Each student or group needs six of the large nets to make their rectangular prism and three of the small nets to make the cube. See below to download the nets.
• Note that each of these shapes is a pyramid, just non symmetrical.

Note that these instructions are for students. You may just wish to do this as a demo.

1. Have the students construct the nine shapes using the nets (6 large and 3 small).
2. Taking the six large shapes, construct three symmetrical pyramids. Note the dimensions (size of base and height).
3. Using the same six shapes, create a rectangular prism. Note the dimensions (size of base and height).
4. How do the height and base of the prism compare to the one of the symmetrical pyramids?
5. How do the volumes of each pyramid compare to that of the prism?
6. Taking the three small shapes, note the type of solid and its dimensions (size of base and height)
7. Using the same three shapes construct a cube. Note the dimensions (size of base and height)
8. How do the height and base of the cube compare to each non symmetrical pyramid?
9. How do the volumes of each non symmetrical pyramid compare to that of the cube?
10. If you had any prism and a pyramid with the same base and height, how would the volume of the pyramid compare to the prism?
As an added feature you may wish to construct a figure that folds in and out from one shape to several shapes as seen in the videos below.

Did you use this activity? Do you have a way to make it better? If so tell us in the comment section. Thanks